Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences, Vol. 21, Iss. 4, October, 2017, pp. 555-567
@2017 Society for Chaos Theory in Psychology & Life Sciences


Comparing the Cognitive Process of Circular Causality in Two Patients with Strokes through Qualitative Analysis

Seyed Alireza Derakhshanrad, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
Emily Piven, Health Matters First of Florida, Inc., Oakland, FL
Bahareh Zeynalzadeh Ghoochani, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

Abstract: Walter J. Freeman pioneered the neurodynamic model of brain activity when he described the brain dynamics for cognitive information transfer as the process of circular causality at intention, meaning, and perception (IMP) levels. This view contributed substantially to establishment of the Intention, Meaning, and Perception Model of Neuro-occupation in occupational therapy. As described by the model, IMP levels are three components of the brain dynamics system, with nonlinear connections that enable cognitive function to be processed in a circular causality fashion, known as Cognitive Process of Circular Causality (CPCC). Although considerable research has been devoted to study the brain dynamics by sophisticated computerized imaging techniques, less attention has been paid to study it through investigating the adaptation process of thoughts and behaviors. To explore how CPCC manifested thinking and behavioral patterns, a qualitative case study was conducted on two matched female participants with strokes, who were of comparable ages, affected sides, and other characteristics, except for their resilience and motivational behaviors. CPCC was compared by matrix analysis between two participants, using content analysis with pre-determined categories. Different patterns of thinking and behavior may have happened, due to disparate regulation of CPCC between two participants.

Keywords: nonlinear dynamics, neuroscience, intentionality, meaning, perception