Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences, Vol. 21, Iss. 3, July, 2017, pp. 255-266
@2017 Society for Chaos Theory in Psychology & Life Sciences


Allometric Control of Affective Fluctuations in Early Adolescents: Their Association with Anxiety Symptoms and Temperament Traits

Aina Fiol-Veny, University of the Balearic Islands, Spain
Alejandro De la Torre-Luque, University of the Balearic Islands, Spain
Maria Balle, University of the Balearic Islands, Spain
Xavier Bornas, University of the Balearic Islands, Spain

Abstract: Many physiological systems are multistable, i.e. they operate at different time scales under an allometric control process. The multistability of affective fluctuations has been clearly illustrated in a sample of adults, but little is known about their dynamics in adolescents. The main aim of this study was to determine whether affective fluctuations in adolescents show multistability and to explore their relationship with anxiety symptomatology and temperamental factors. Twenty-five early adolescents self-reported their daily mood, anxiety and worry levels twice a day over a 100-day period. The time series were analysed using the allometric aggregation method to obtain the scaling exponent h. Almost all the (Hurst) scaling exponents were 0.5 > h > 1. The worry exponents were related to temperament factors, whereas the anxiety exponents were related to social phobia symptoms. The results substantiate that affective fluctuations in adolescents are multistable, lending support to the presence of allometric control mechanisms.

Keywords: multistability, mood, anxiety, worry, adolescence