Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences, Vol. 13, Iss. 4, October, 2009, pp. 393-421
@2009 Society for Chaos Theory in Psychology & Life Sciences


Interdisciplinary Matrix in Economics: Two Applications to the Transition from Socialism to Capitalism

Aleksander Jakimowicz, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Poland

Abstract: The 7-fold interdisciplinary matrix is introduced. This integrated methodological point of view is original, although it is based on ideas of others in various ways. The name for this new approach draws on the Kuhnian notion of a disciplinary matrix. There are four components of the Kuhnian matrix on which the existence of scientific communities hinges: symbolic generalizations, models, values, and exemplars. In this context the term "paradigm" should refer to exemplars. The interdisciplinary matrix is composed of seven elements: cybernetics, catastrophe theory, fractal geometry, deterministic chaos, artificial intelligence, theory of complexity, and humanistic values. Scientific developments have recently brought substantial changes in the structure of scientific communities. Transferability of ideas and thoughts contributed to the creation of scientific communities, which unite representatives of various professions. When researching into certain phenomena we no longer need to develop theories for them from scratch, as we can draw on the achievements in other disciplines. Two examples of the employment of the interdisciplinary matrix in macroeconomics are elaborated here: the investment cycle model in socialist economy, and the model of economic transformation based on chaotic hysteresis.

Keywords: interdisciplinary matrix, isomorphism principle, deterministic chaos, complexity, nonlinearity, econophysics, economic transformation